The goal of this study was to first develop a systematic data collection strategy to create and maintain a database of policies in the United States that promote seismic mitigation. With this database, indices were developed to facilitate understanding of the relationship between policy activity, policy coverage, and seismic risk, as well as to perform cross-state comparison. The most basic index is a count of the number of policies each state has adopted. An index was developed that directly accounts for the seismic risk of each state. A Guttman scale was developed to characterize states’ policy coverage, as well as the level of intensity represented by states’ policy activity. The relationship between policy coverage and seismic risk was also explored. For the most part, this study found a moderate relationship between seismic risk and policy activity, as well as a moderately strong relationship between risk and policy coverage.